Nathan Fitzgerald

Megacities and Megaprojects: The Solution to the Global Population Boom

Friday, April 12, 2019, 3:00 PM | Room 1

The global population is on an exponential rise, and millions more are moving to large metropolitan cities every year. This has brought upon the rise of megacities and the massive infrastructure projects that keep them afloat. These megaprojects are being constructed on a scope and scale never done before has a need for affordable housing and recreational areas for the incoming populations. The contiguous areas around these megacities have begun to create conglomerates of suburbs and city centers that form massive metropolitan areas. In some cases, these megapolises are set to exceed 100 million people in the coming years. The regions set for the most profound growth are in India and Africa where the major cities are expected to become the most populous in the world, surpassing the likes of Tokyo and New York as the largest megacities on earth. Furthermore, by the year 2030 it is expected that there will be about 43 megacities, compared to the 31 that we currently have today. This means that 12 new cities will pass the 10 million mark in the next 11 years. The exceptional growth can be attributed to a variety of things. Most importantly an increase in global life expectancy and a steady fertility rate. However, due to our finite resources and limited land available, this growth cannot be sustained, and the world population is expected to cap off at around 11.2 billion after which it will level out, disregarding any major catalysts that may significantly cause the population to fluctuate either direction. In conclusion our world population will continue to climb through the rest of the century, and our major cities must prepare for the incoming generations of people in search of a better life.
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